An Ultimate Guide to FDM 3D Printer and Its Applications

An Ultimate Guide to FDM 3D Printer and Its Applications

There's been a vast technological development, especially if we talk about 3D printing. We use 3D printing almost everywhere. Whether it is for creating engaging business models or construction models, a 3D printer is always the best choice.

Among the leading 3D printer technologies, FDM is very popular. The reason behind the popularity of the FDM printer is that it is not only highly efficient but also ideal for beginners.

Want to know more about FDM printers? You’ve landed in the right place! In this article, we'll provide you with the ultimate guideline for FDM 3D printers and their applications.

What is FDM 3D Printer?

FDM (Fused Deposition Modelling) 3D printing technology is relatively popular among 3D printing technologies. It utilizes composite melted materials to create 3D objects. The printing technique allows the printer to deposit molten material to the canvas layer-by-layer efficiently. The shape of the printing object is maintained by limiting the dripping of the molten material.

FDM 3D printing is considered the ideal platform for average 3D printing enthusiasts as it is easy to use. In addition, the best part about FDM printing is that it is less costly but provides you with the excellent products you desire. You can choose your own printing material to obtain the final product.

These days, new small to medium-sized businesses are utilizing this technology to create stunning product designs.

What Are the Main Components of FDM 3D Printers?

Three main components of FDM 3D printers are involved in printing the 3D models.

Printing Plate

The printing plate is like a canvas for the FDM 3D printer. The heated material in the nozzle is poured onto the printing plate.

Filament Coil

The filament coil of the printer is the printing material. You can choose the filament coil of any polymer type that matches your preference.

The Extruder

The extruder is also called the extrusion head. This part of the FDM printer is responsible for limiting the deposition of the material so that it is conveyed to the printing plate in a layered format.

How Does an FDM 3D Printer Work?

As the name suggests, the FDM 3D printer dumps the molten material through its nozzle layer-by-layer to give the shape to the object. The printer's functionality depends upon the Digital Design Files that the user uploads to the machine, and the machine translates it into physical dimensions.

These physical dimensions enable the printer to create your desired ultimate design. This advanced printing technology utilizes the polymers like PETG, ABS,  PEI, and more.

These materials are heated and passed through the nozzle, which transfers them to the printing surface in a thread-like manner. First, the machine requires a lump-sum amount of heated material to get a thin thread-like density.

Once the nozzle converts the material to the required temperature, the printer feeds the filament through the extrusion head. For those who may not know, the extrusion head is responsible for shaping the depositing material.

It is connected to the three-axis coordinates (X, Y, and Z). The thread-like material is secreted by the nozzle and deposited to the printing surface layer by layer. The material is then left to dry. To speed up the drying process, the fans are attached to the nozzle to reduce the temperature the user creates.

In order to fill inside a boundary, the machine will require multiple passes until the shape is filled completely. The machine will be first invested in completing the first layer of the shape. Once the first layer is completed, the build platform is automatically descended to the respective height of the next layer.

What Are the Main Qualities and Characteristics of the 3D FDM Printer?

Each technology has unique characteristics that distinguish it from other technology. The same goes for FDM 3D printers. Here are some distinct qualities and a few limitations of the 3D FDM printer that you need to know.

Printing Speed

People consider the printing speed of FDM printers relatively slow. However, this drawback is beneficial because it can prevent your design from facing unpleasant consequences.

Layer Height

The height of each layer of the FDM printer ranges between 0.02-0.4 mm. The reason behind the small layer is that it delivers a smooth design without rough ends.

Customizable Parameters

The printer contains customizable parameters that allow you to adjust the speed, temperature, cooling intensity, and layer height.

Layer Adhesion

The term is layer adhesion is considered as the stickiness of each layer of the printing material. The binding strength of multiple layers depends on the high temperature and pressure applied to each layer to get a better thickness.

What Are the Applications of FDM Printing?

FDM printing finds applications in loads of fields; here we have enlisted a few. Let’s have a look at them!

Medical Field

The FDM 3D printing technology is used in creating surgical tools, tissues, and organoids, to practice.


In aeronautics, 3D models of planes and aircraft are created using a 3D printer before creating the actual plane.


We need to create building models to receive investments in our project. In that case, FDM 3D printer comes in quite handy. It allows them to present the outlook of the building yet to be constructed.

Where to Purchase Top-Notch 3D FDM Printers?

Are you looking for a reputable brand that manufactures highly efficient FDM 3D printers? If yes, then you’re at the right place. You should definitely go for Longer 3D Printers. 

It is the best brand that never fails to manufacture high-quality FDM 3D printers at a meager cost. They also manufacture other products like 3D printer constant temperature enclosure that allows you to maintain the temperature of your 3D model.

Their printers are easy to set up and use, making them the best bet for beginners that have recently got interested in 3D printing. They are a reputable brand that has satisfied over ten thousand global customers with their services.

One of the incredible aspects of their FDM 3D printers is that despite being low in price, they never compromise on quality. However, be sure to check their website for further details.

Final Verdict

In this article, we tried our best to introduce you to FDM 3D printer, how it works, and much more. Also, if you need a top-notch and efficient FDM 3D printer, choose Longer 3D Printers, as their services are the best!